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Home » Attractions and Leisure » City Sights and Museums

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Saint Petersburg Sights and Landmarks


The State Hermitage occupies six magnificent buildings situated along the embankment of the River Neva, right in the heart of St Petersburg. Put together throughout two centuries and a half, the Hermitage collections of works of art (over 3,000,000 items) present the development of the world culture and art from the Stone Age to the 20th century.

Peter and Paul Fortress

The Peter and Paul Fortress is the original citadel of St. Petersburg, Russia, founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini's designs from 1706 to 1740. The Peter and Paul Cathedral is the burial place of all Russian tsars from Peter I to Alexander III. The remains of the Imperial martyrs, Nicholas II and his family and entourage, were also interred there, in the side St.Catherine's Chapel, on the 80th anniversary of their deaths, July 17, 1998.

St.Isaak Cathedral

The St.Isaak 's Cathedral is the great monument of St.Petersburg (1818-1858). The architect is Montferrand. It is one of the largest domes structures in the world. The building, being rectangular in its layout, rose 101,5 high. St.Isaak was the saint of Peter the Great. In this architectural monument everything strikes the eye - its the grand colonnade, the sculptures, reliefs, gilt-work, marble.

Yusupov Palace

The Yusupov Palace, a unique historical landmark of federal importance showcasing architectural trends from the 18th through 20th centuries, has been rightfully acclaimed as the "encyclopedia" of St. Petersburg aristocratic interior design.

Savior on the Blood Cathedral

The church "Savior on the Spilled Blood" or "Resurrection of Christ" was built in 1883-1907 on the spot where a terrorist from the revolutionary organization People's Will mortally wounded Tsar Alexander II on March 1, 1881, by tossing a bomb at his feet. His son, Alexander III, began construction of the memorial church in 1883 and it was completed in 1907 during the reign of Nicholas II. The church was built by the architect Parland in so-called "Russian style", in the spirit of 16th-17th century Russian architecture It was supposed to resemble the St. Basil's cathedral in Moscow.

Cruiser Aurora

Lying in Petrograd the Cruiser had appeared at the centre of events of Russian Revolution 1917. Being in close contact to the workers of a plant, the cruiser's seamen were involved in revolutionary propaganda. This was promoted by general situation in Russia, which was put on a verge of catastrophe by the war. Russian army, fatiged, bloodless, insufficiently armed, suffered tremendous losses and went from defeat to defeat. The national economy had come in decline: there were starvation, lack of bread, meat, kerosene, goods of the primary needs. There was obvious an inability of imperial government to cope with a crisis situation. The mutual relations between AURORA's officers and team became extremely strained. On 12th of March the crew had required commanding officer to release under the arrest a three imprisoned workers-propagandists. In order to disperse this mass-meeting commanding officer Captain 1-st rank M.I.Nikolskiy and Senior officer P.P.Ogranovich opened pistol fire; there were wounded. When on March 13, 1917 at the Cruiser it had become known about the occured Revolution, sailors together with the workers hoisted the Red flag over the ship. Commanding officer was killed, senior officer was wounded, most part of crew landed and joined the revolt.

Russian museum

The State Russian Museum is the world's largest museum of Russian art. It is located in the very center of St Petersburg, just of the city's central magisterial, Nevsky Prospekt. The museum is housed in the former Mikhailovsky Palace, a stunning monument of Empire architecture.

Freud Dreams Museum

Freud Dreams Museum opened its doors in Saint Petersburg on November, 4, 1999 to the centennial anniversary of the first edition of his great book "The Interpretation of Dreams". The museum is dedicated to the world of dreams, Freud`s theories and his passion for art and ancient artefacts.

Mikhailovsky Castle

St Michael's Castle was designed by Vincenzo Brenna and Vasily Bazhenov (1797-1801) as a parade residence for the Emperor Paul I. The Emperor himself added to the project. It is named after St Michael the Archangel (patron saint of the House of Romanov). This is the only palace building in Russia in the style of romantic classicism.

Summer Garden and Sumer Palace of Peter the Great

The Summer Palace - the witness of the whole Peter-s life - has remained without any radical changes up to the present day. The evidence can be found both in historical plans of the Summer Garden of the first half of the 18th century and in the sketch (1727) by M. G. Zemtsov.

The Cabin of Peter the Great

A wooden house of Peter I on the Petrogradskaya Side is a witness of the first days of the city. In the papers of Peter-s time it was called "The Original Palace" or "The Red Mansion". The Swedish carpenters built the 12.7 x 5.7 blockhouse of pine logs in three days - 24-26 May 1703. There were "burning" canon balls and a wooden mortar on the roof symbolizing that the house belonged to the "captain of the bombardier company".

The Zoological Museum

The Museum of the Zoological Institute is one of the largest museums of its kind in the world and the largest in Russia and in Europe. The dissemination of biological knowledge and the popularization of the biological sciences are regarded as the main objectives of the Museum's work.

St. Sampson Cathedral

St. Sampson Cathedral in St. Petersburg is one of few monuments of religious architecture of the first half of the18th century, still standing. The first wooden St. Sampson Church was construction by Order of emperor Peter I in late November, 1709, in memory of one of the major battles of Peter's epoch, the Poltava Battle, and was consecrated in 1710.

Smolny Cathedral

Smolny Convent, located on Ploschad Rastrelli, on the bank of the River Neva in Saint Petersburg, consists of a Cathedral and a complex of buildings surrounding it, originally intended for a convent. The Cathedral is the centerpiece of the convent. The projected bell-tower was to become the tallest building in St. Petersburg and, at the time, all of Russia.

The Menshikov Palace

The Menshikov Palace is a Petrine Baroque edifice in Saint Petersburg, situated on Universitetskaya Embankment of the Bolshaya Neva on Vasilyevsky Island. Since 1981, it has served as a public museum, a branch of the Hermitage Museum.

The Russian Museum of Ethnography

The Russian Museum of Ethnography is one of the largest and famous museums in the world. Its collection contains above half a million objects and creates a broad picture of traditional life and culture of more than 150 peoples of Russia from the 18th-20th centuries.


The Kunstkamera or Kunstkammer was the first museum in Russia. It was established by Peter the Great on the Neva Riverfront (now Universitetskaya Embankment) facing the Winter Palace. The turreted Petrine Baroque building of the Kunstkamera, designed by Georg Johann Mattarnovy, was completed by 1727. The foundation stone for the Kunstkammer was layed in 1719.

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